Choosing what to do after graduation is a lot like choosing what to do when you grow up. An awareness that in school it is easier to imagine and dream than to build with rigor. Especially in a world of work and training that is rapidly evolving at the pace of digital technology and offering new and transversal possibilities. 45% of students are still not clear what they will do after graduation, but the coordinates of this transition from secondary to future will change.
The percentage comes from the “After graduation” research of Skuola.net, in collaboration with ELIS, a non-profit organization that deals with the help of people in their career guidance path, led to observe and understand these changes. The surveys were attended by 3,000 high school students, as part of the ELIS Open Week, the event organized to bring the leading companies from the technical-technological sectors closer to the students.
Enrollment in a bachelor’s program remains the main path after school for half of high school students, but alternatives are gaining ground. About 1 in 5, after high school, are looking for a job early, looking for a job immediately (8%) or for a non-university vocational education (10%) such as ITS or IFTS. In fact, highly specialized people are the first protagonists of it Misunderstandings between companies and professionals that can not be found that shake up the world of work in Italy. Among those planning to go to university, 19% – and in males the percentage rises to 26% – would change their minds if they became aware of an alternative path that guaranteed enough opportunities for placement and career opportunities.
The graduation goal also recorded a decline in appeal compared to the figures from the same survey conducted last year: 11% fewer students intend to consider only and exclusively the university option after graduation. This trend corresponds to another decline, that of enrollment in high school, which decreased for the first time in ten years compared to 12 months ago.
When one completes the cycle of higher education, 1 in 4 students want to build something themselves and become entrepreneurs. Among them, most (59%) think they already have the winning idea in hand, while 1 in 10 have already developed their business with a team. In general, many of the students interviewed are already working during their school year. Despite the main employment of students, almost half (45%) of the respondents commit that they already do “technical work tests” to create an initial savings bank: 26% do so during the teaching break, during the summer – or Christmas break, 19% even during the school months. In 6 out of 7 cases these are “traditional” jobs, such as waiter, babysitter, delivery boy. But earn 1 in 7 by focusing on “digital” jobs instead. The most common in the order of preference concern the areas of e-commerce, the development and management of apps and online services, the management of social sites, fintech (buying / selling cryptocurrencies, online trading), influencer marketing . , Games and online information.
Finally, about the future prospects at work, 23% imagine being self-employed, having more freedom and only 20% striving for the security of the “indefinite time”. However, not everyone has thought about their professional future: 32% of respondents have not done so yet and among the 45% who are still unsure what Psot diplomas will do. ELIS Marketing Manager Gianluca Sabatini commented on the results of the research on the “difficulties the Italian secondary has in orienting its students”. According to Sabatini, “it is necessary to develop learning that is experience and relationship and to do that it is necessary to bring companies into schools and high schools and companies”. Precisely because “this passage sees almost half of the interviewees quite or completely confused about their professional future”. Instead, he concludes, “schooling should support young people in their life project, improve their cultural and professional propensities”.