Ukraine, Commission guidelines to help refugees access work and training

Ensuring rapid and effective integration into the labor market is important for both host communities and those fleeing the war to rebuild their lives, further develop their skills and ultimately help build Ukraine.

Since the beginning of the Russian war against Ukraine and its civilian population, over 7 million people have fled Ukraine and joined the EU. Over 135,000 arrived in Italy, mostly women and children. Only a relatively small number of people of working age have so far entered the EU labor market, although the number of people wishing to do so will increase.

Understanding and recognizing the formal skills and qualifications of the people is the key to facilitating their entry into the labor market and ensuring that they find a job that matches their skills. Upgrading existing skills and acquiring new skills are essential for full participation in the labor market and society.

To facilitate this process, the European Commission on 14 June published a communication with guidelines to help people fleeing the war in Ukraine to gain access to jobs.

Work, education and adult learning.

The guidelines presented:

– describe the measures that Member States can take on the basis of lessons learned and best practices that have been collected so far, as well as on the basis of measures already taken at EU level;

a) People coming from Ukraine to integrate into the labor market e

b) support their access to vocational education and training (VET) in adult learning;

– include some concrete examples of EU-funded projects that could inspire Member States’ initiatives in this area and help Member States make the best use of the support available at EU level.

Access to jobs and training

Within the framework of the proposed guidelines, the Commission invites Member States to:

  • Information on support provided to people fleeing war, for example in the field of professional counseling, counseling and protection against discrimination, not limited to the existing legal obligation to inform people about their rights;
  • facilitate the integration into the labor market of the beneficiaries of temporary protection and, where appropriate, of adequate protection under national law, in particular:

(a) encourage those arriving in the EU to enroll in local public employment services;

(b) take into account the needs of people fleeing the war in the work of national authorities and employment services (eg pay particular attention to women’s access to the labor market and access to childcare and schooling; people and Employment in sectors where there is a shortage of labor market or where they support other people coming from Ukraine;

c) support for employers who employ people fleeing the war, and provide relief for the creation of start-ups;

d) Entrepreneurship Support Programs for Newcomers;

  • guarantee the widest possible access to the labor market, for instance by addressing the risk of exploitation and undeclared work through the cooperation of actors such as the detention centers and labor inspectorates, not the possibility of the Temporary Protection Directive they use. for access to the labor market for EU citizens and others, and to ensure that the measures always take into account the perspective of people with disabilities.

Recognize existing skills and invest in new skills

Within the framework of the proposed guidelines, the Commission invites Member States to:

  • ensure that people’s skills and qualifications are quickly taken into account, assessed and recognized, regardless of the availability of documentation; this may include support with regard to CV preparation, skills testing and recovery of missing qualifications;
  • provide targeted opportunities for education and training, VET and / or practical work experience as soon as possible; therefore, close cooperation with education and training providers, social partners and the private sector is needed to ensure that these opportunities are consistent with labor market needs and skills shortages;
  • guarantee rapid access to initial VETs, including teaching positions, and discover existing opportunities to extend further stays for Ukrainian vocational training and education – an aspect of particular relevance to young people;
  • Adult Escape Russia offers aggression war against Ukraine access to general education, including through second chance schools, as well as enrollment in higher education institutions.

The Commission has provided various tools in Ukrainian and the Europass platform; This initiative helps Ukrainian-language users to create CVs, test their digital skills, submit applications and find job and training opportunities in the EU. The Ukrainian translation of the European Multilingual Classification of Skills, Competences and Occupations (ESCO) will also be available soon.

Support for EU funds

Member States’ measures to guarantee access to the labor market, VET and adult learning can be supported by EU funds, including the European Social Fund (ESF), the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), the European Aid Fund for the most Deprived (FEAD) in the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF). InvestEU, the Technical Support Facility and Erasmus + can also contribute.

The guidelines presented include some concrete examples of EU-funded projects to support labor market integration, such as:

  • the Fast Track Action Boost (FAB) project in Austria, Germany, Italy, Spain and Sweden, supported by the Employment and Social Innovation Program (EaSI), which funded rapid labor market integration pathways for refugees and their families, paying particular attention to refugees. Fraen;
  • the ESF-supported project of ‘Validation Centers of Skills’ in Belgium, which helps people with professional experience fleeing the Russian invasion of Ukraine to get official and free validation of their skills. Official recognition is useful for demonstrating skills to an employer, retraining, or entering a profession.

Leave a Comment