The extension of full-time employment in primary school

Since a few years, Full time is the favorite option of Italian families when enrolling their children in the first year of primary school. A trend witnesses the data published periodically by the Ministry of Education.


SOURCE: openpolis processing – With children on education ministry data
(last update: Sunday, June 30, 2019)

Since its introduction, the goal of full-time education has been to enrich students' education.

Since its introduction into the legal system, beginning in the 70's with the law 820/1971, Full-time was considered functional to 2 goals. On the one hand to make it possible better reconciliation of working hours for families. Also in view of the demand for female employment. At the same time, since the introduction of the law, the didactic and formative value of these additional hours.

The supplementary activities of the primary school, as well as the special education, with the aim of enriching the education of the pupil and the beginning of the full-time school, are carried out in additional hours for those who make up the normal school. Hours, with a specific task, by established primary school teachers.

Over time, various regulatory changes have taken place. In 2009, a differentiated timetable was drawn up, indicating the preference of the family at enrollment.

Primary school time is conducted (...) at 24, 27 and up to 30 hours, within the limits of the resources of the assigned staff; the 40-hour model is also provided, corresponding to full-time.

The acceptance of enrollment options up to 30 hours per week and full-time is subject to the staff and services present at the school (aspects that must be known at the time of enrollment). The individual educational institutes, after a resolution of the school council, define the organization of the weekly timetable.

40 Hours per week planned for full-time in primary school, including time for canteen.

Why it is important to extend the offer

After more than 50 years, even though more than 4 out of 10 new students enrolled in primary school opt for full-time employment, Distribution of applications is very different on national territory. Taking data from enrollment requests for the 2019/20 school year (most recently before the pandemic), it ranges from 59.6% of 40-hour options in Lazio to 12.9% of preferences in Molise.

2 the regions where less than 20% of full-time applications are: Molise and Sicily.

The risk of this arrangement is that you territorial configuration of the offer is modeled almost exclusively on the socio-economic structure of the territory. A trend that makes it easier to spread them in urban areas and in the north-north, where employment rates - particularly women - are higher. While, as indicated by the network of EducAzioni associations, it is It is important to reduce territorial differences in one aspect of the educational offer to minors.

The even more serious aspect is that this time reduction is concentrated in the south of the country and in the interior, ie in those places where the outbreaks of schooling are greater and educational poverty is greater.

Full-time employment can provide new opportunities for learning and socializing.

In fact, it is possible in the extra hours combine the curriculum with activities and experiences organized in collaboration with the educational community.

From the associations and cultural structures that are present in the area, such as libraries and museums. But also with you Improving the rooms outside the schoolfor environmental, food and motor education.

€ 500 million annually estimated by the EducAzioni network to extend full-time in primary school to 8,500 new classes.

In light of these benefits, one of the challenges set out in the National Recovery and Resilience Plan is precisely that of the full-time extension and expansion of the educational offer of the schools. In this sense, it exists what is provided in the plan is crucial for the construction and renovation of canteens and gymnasiums.

Aspects that we have had the opportunity to investigate in the past and which are of course the prerequisite for full-time development. Especially i Canteen services that make it possible to carry out school activities in the afternoon as well.


SOURCE: openpolis processing - With children on Miur data
(last update: Monday, December 31, 2018)

But what is the extent of full-time employment in Italy today? IN THE How is the offer set up between the different municipalities?

And how many classes are available full time

On the National Territory a Results the attendance in full-time primary schools is very variable. On average, according to Sose data on regions with ordinary status, almost 40% of the classes in 2017 presented an offer of this type.

In the same year, it is noted that the highest levels are reached in 4 regions: Lazio, Lombardy, Piedmont and Tuscany. Here, more than half of the primary classes are organized with an hourly schedule of 40 hours. Just below the 50% threshold are also Emilia Romagna, Liguria and Basilicata.



The data are only available for regions with ordinary status.

SOURCE: openpolis Expansion - With kids on Sose dates
(last update: Monday, 15 March 2021)

The share falls below 20% in regions where - as seen above - demand for this schedule is weaker. First of all Molise (5.6% of your full-time classes), but also other large southern regions like Campania, Abruzzo and Puglia, all between 10 and 20%.

55.7% Classes organized full time in Lazio in 2017.

When one goes down to the communal level, we feel like that not only divided between north and south, but also between large cities and inland areas, especially small municipalities.

If you cities with one Population over 100 thousand inhabitants, the proportion of full-time primary classes is 60.4% of the whole. Percentage of that it falls in a range between 30 and 40% and cities between 10 and 100 thousand inhabitants. Particularly 34% in those between 60 and 100 thousand inhabitants, 38.5% between 20 and 60 thousand and 36.3% between 10 and 20 thousand.


SOURCE: openpolis Expansion - With kids on Sose dates
(last update: Monday, 15 March 2021)

Distances not only between North and South, but also between small and large municipalities.

In the smaller municipalities, the proportion drops dramatically: it is still at 30.3% between 5 and 10 thousand inhabitants, falls at 25.5% between 3 and 5 thousand and at 22.1% between 2 and 3 thousand. With less than two thousand inhabitants, the number continues to fall. If between 1,000 and 2,000 inhabitants are still more than one class at 5 (21.5%) organized full-time, with a population below 1,000 inhabitants it is far below this threshold.. Between 500 and 999 the share of full-time classes is 14.5%, below 500 it falls to 6.5%.

Download, share and re-use data

Download community data, region by region.

Abruzzo, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Emilia Romagna, Lazio, Liguria, Lombardy, Marche, Molise, Piedmont, Puglia, Tuscany, Umbria, Veneto, National total.

The content of the Educational Poverty Observatory #conibambini is created by openpolis with the social enterprise Con i Bambini within the framework of the fund for the fight against educational poverty youth. We provide the data used in the article in an open format. We have collected and processed them for analysis in relation to other public source data datasets, with the aim of creating a single territorial database of services. They can be used freely for analysis, initiatives of data journalism or even for simple consultation. The data on the percentage of full-time classes in regions with ordinary status come from Sose.


SOURCE: openpolis Expansion - With kids on Sose dates
(last update: Monday, 15 March 2021)

Photo: Flickr Agência Brasília - License

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