Teacher qualification: What is the difference between direct training and indirect training?

What’s the matter the qualifications of the teachers teach in high school? According to Decree 36 converted into Law 79/2022the qualification to teach in high schools and high schools is obtained after graduation from the university and the academic initial education of at least 60 CFU/CFA and overcome the final test of the above path, consisting of a written test it is a simulated lesson.

The structuring of the training offer corresponding to 60 CFU / CFA, consists of at least 10 credits of educational fieldrequired for initial training, and of direct and indirect internship activity of not less than 20 CFU / CFA. Aspects related to the inclusion of the school, as well as the specifics of science, technology and mathematics must also be taken into account. For each internship CFU / CFA, the commitment in attendance in classes cannot be less than 12 hours. It will be there Dpcm of July to clarify the exact structuring of all remaining credits.


Direct internship is also referred to in reference to 24 credits, which many teachers have to integrate. We actually read in Act 79: without prejudice to the achievement of at least 10 ECTS / CFA direct internships, the validity of the 24 ECTS / CFA already achieved is still recognized as a requirement for access to the competition according to the previous system.

The activating path

The goal is to provide the teacher with the appropriate skills Completion profile of the professional skills of the qualified teacherso that it comes which promoted the digital transformation of the school organization and of the teaching and learning processes.

Achieving the qualification does not constitute a qualification title nor does it confer any right on recruitment into the role outside of competitive procedures for access to permanent roles.

The qualification to teach in high schools and high schools has an unlimited duration.

Those who already have a qualification at a competition class or at another level of education and those who are in possession of the specialization on support, can achieve without prejudice to the possession of the necessary qualification with regard to the competition class, Qualification in other competitive classes or degrees of education through the acquisition of 30 CFU / CFA from the university and academic path of the initial education, of which 20 CFU / CFA in the context of teaching methodologies and technologies applied to the reference disciplines and other 10 CFU / CFA of direct internship. For each internship CFU / CFA, the commitment in attendance in classes cannot be less than 12 hours.

The direct internship

What does direct internship mean? He explains it to us Andrea Gavosto in the appointment of Tecnica responds LIVE from July 27: “Direct training is the one that takes place in the classroom, with which one really learns how to teach; which is indirect which is done in the universities, they are fake, simulated situations that may be useful at the beginning, before you go to class, when you have to explain to a candidate what difficulties he will encounter with students. But to really be a teacher, you learn in the classroom.”

And on Law 79, which introduced the direct internship in the training course, he comments: “The keystone and novelty of this law is precisely the direct internship: finally, in the initial training of teachers, there is not only a didactic pedagogical education, but also a “practical experience. There are hypotheses of the reduction of the direct internship in favor of the indirect one – he adds – here this would be a serious mistake”.

And in general, about the deadline associated with the NRP, the president of the Agnelli Foundation: “I believe that today it is a priority for the decrees implementing the law 79, especially the July Dpcm. We consider that also the Dpcm, what is decisive, in the law 70 are six decisive decrees, including the one about tutoring. We must clearly define what these 60 credits or 30 credits are “.

Regarding the training of middle management provided for by the legislation, Gavosto comments: “Logica would like me to design the career paths first and then do the training for the system figures. And then it is important that more resources are continuously invested in training”.

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