Suicide. Recognize it as a serious public health problem and implement a national prevention strategy. The House approves a bipartisan motion

In Italy, about 4,000 people commit suicide each year. A number greatly underestimated due to the lack of advanced detection systems. The phenomenon is exacerbated by the covid pandemic. Especially with the young. Another category that is severely affected is those of women victims of violence as well as those who are exposed to aggression, marginalization and exclusion, such as LGBTIQ + people. Therefore, the Chamber adopted a text committing the government to 21 points, ranging from monitoring to prevention and training. OF MOTION

14 JUN

Each year, in Italy alone, about 4,000 people commit suicide and it is estimated that at least half of them can be rescued with adequate intervention. A number that does not contain the underground data due to the lack of a special observatory and advanced detection systems. The situation is also exacerbated by the covid pandemic, especially among the youngest.

A few figures are enough to track the situation: in recent months, between October 2020 and January 2021, an increase of 30 was recorded in the complex operating unit of childhood and adolescent neuropsychiatry of Bambino Gesù Pediatric Hospital in Rome. of suicide attempts and self-harm in the section was 100 percent occupied, while the other years averaged 70 percent. In addition, between February 2020 and February 2021, there was a 32 percent increase in mental health related requests, such as suicidal thoughts, self-harm, and suicide attempts, received by the 114 “Childhood Emergency” service funded by the Department of Family Policy. and managed by Telefono Azzurro.

Another category that is severely affected is that of women who are victims of violence. From March to October 2020, the increase in so-called feminicide suicides increased by 90.3 percent. Again, the risk of suicide is then increased for people who, as carriers of discriminatory factors and greater risk, suffer from phenomena of aggression, marginalization and exclusion. Among these, the data referring to LGBTIQ + people are particularly disturbing.

These are just some of the areas contained in the bipartisan motion on suicide prevention, which was voted in the Chamber this afternoon. The text specifically commits the government to 21 points, ranging from the recognition of suicide as a serious public health problem to various initiatives to promote data collection, prevention, awareness raising and training campaigns.

The following are the points in the motion that call for a commitment from the government:

1) Recognize suicide and related phenomena as serious public health problems;

2) create a national suicide prevention strategy, which will provide an authoritative guide to key prevention activities based on empirical evidence, by implementing the subsequent commitments of the apparatus of this Directive;

3) to establish a study center / public observatory working to achieve effective monitoring of data on cases of suicide and related phenomena, throughout the territory of the Italian Republic, with a view to the advancement of the conditions of the psychological state of the citizens and set up a support network for the most vulnerable and dangerous;

4) set up a free suicide emergency number to take on the responsibilities of individuals at risk, based on national and international top candidates, as well as a digital application and any new tool useful to address the problem being promoted on institutional channels. in government communications and on public television;

5) to take competence initiatives for a diagnostic detection system, such as. , as well as to respond to the major suicide risk in the introduction;

6) To promote awareness-raising and prevention campaigns in schools, starting from primary school, by:

a) the preparation of Training specifically for school operators, so that they are able to provide clear links with professionals from the sector;

b) the inclusion, in the school curriculum, of emotional education;

c) the inclusion of committed projects and opportunities for discussion in high schools and high schools, to improve knowledge and prevention of suicide among young people, to highlight the risks arising from bullying, cyberbullying and all other phenomena , which can cause such recognition to lead itself – harm, suicidal ideation or suicide;

d) Realization of Peer Support Programmerthat is, programs to ensure effective peer support;

7) take competency initiatives to allocate resources dedicated to the recruitment and training of qualified staff in the territorial and intervention networks, so that people are specially trained to respond to needs;

8) to gain more knowledge on the subject, to take initiatives to provide a specific and sufficient allocation for scientific research in the sector in general, involving the funding of dedicated scholarships and the promotion of scientific / institutional collaboration, as well as to guide research on contingent causes, of all kinds, presenting the risk of an increase in the incidence of suicidal phenomena;

9) take effective initiatives to enable more and more citizens to access care and activities of follow up monitor the progress of support programs over time;

10) Services of promoting postventionaims to provide support to people who are prone to contagion;

11) to protect, but not limited to, minors in particular, to take initiatives to discourage suicide by preventing access to the site web encouraging the use of self-harm practices;

12) prepare a specific interactive digital application for pre-adolescents, adolescents and young adults, containing useful information for the recognition of psychological distress, psychoeducational information for mental health and useful numbers to get in touch with the engaged territorial services, the possibility of evaluating the strengthening of the services of school psychologists;

13) to promote information, prevention and awareness-raising campaigns at national level for the entire population, and to provide guidelines at the State Regional Conference to standardize intervention processes without prejudice to specific regional competences;

14) with particular reference to various types of suicide committed by young people and adolescents, to take initiatives to complete their work in the field of suicide prevention at home, starting with the implementation of information campaigns, for the best measures for the possession of weapons and Awareness raising of the risk of suicide derived from monitoring scientific updates and best policy practices at international level;

15) to evaluate the possibility of setting up a specific working group, with the involvement of associations and other bodies specifically dealing with those most sensitive to this issue: adolescents and victims of bullying, entrepreneurs and crises; , economically vulnerable people, members of the LGBTQ + community, people with alcohol and drug addiction problems, as well as any existing category that needs the necessary attention;

16) in the context of interventions to combat the phenomenon of suicide, to promote projects aimed at socializing and educating the population, through integrated multidisciplinary pathways capable of promptly meeting the needs of patients and families;

17) adopt appropriate initiatives to enable psychological intervention services, through resources already in place within the Army and Police Corps, to address forms of psychological distress for employees, in particular on suicide prevention, the specific professional Exercise programs ubidden. for professionals delegated in the reference body to the tasks described above, and to encourage the use of external resources, such as professionals not serving in the Army and Police Corps, to respond to the needs set out above described, stop at the stigma effect that in many cases prevents an effective request for intervention and a consistently effective performance of the same;

18) always with particular reference to the categories indicated in the previous engagement, prepare a specific digital application that is useful for peer support, modeling the best practices that exist at the international level;

19) with regard to the prevention of suicide initiatives to introduce specialized services dedicated to perinatal mental health, to ensure the continuity of assistance and the structuring of active policies that support pregnant women;

20) evaluate the possibility of supporting the activities of voluntary associations and self-help groups and other humanitarian initiatives operating in the suicide prevention sector;

21) submit to the Chamber an annual report on the updating of the country’s conditions related to suicide, its prevention and related phenomena, on the state of knowledge, on the new scientific acquisitions in the sector, as well as on the efficiency of the Chamber. of the National Suicide Prevention Strategy.

June 14, 2022
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