The Single Universal Check aims to support families and birth rates in a different way than the previous system. What are the necessary requirements and to whom are they addressed?
The Italian state has recently intervened in support of families through the so-called Universal Check (AUU). It is an economic measure that is valid from the seventh month of pregnancy until the 21st year of any child who is tax dependent. Parliament in particular with the law 46 of 2021 it gave the government the power to reorganize and strengthen legislation to support children. Formally, the AUU was adopted after the approval of Legislative Decree n. 230 of 21 December 2021, with which the government implemented the aforementioned licensing law.
How was the previous system structured?
The various instruments that were previously regulated, such as the Baby Bonus, the Imperial Pay for New Parents, or the Allocations for Family Units (ANF), have been completely replaced by a single mechanism. Feeling good. The aim was, and is, to simplify discipline as well as to rationalize institutions for family support and birth rates.
Another feature of the benefit in question is that of the attribution for each dependent child universalist basis, independent of two factors that were previously of fundamental importance. Specifically, reference was made to the working conditions of the parents, whether they were employed, self-employed or unemployed, as well as their income situation.
The antecedent System it was based on two pillars: on the one hand the tax deduction for children, on the other hand, the allowances for family units among employees. In addition to these mechanisms, one could also rely on other tools such as the allowance paid by the municipalities for families with 3 or less children I SEE less than 9 thousand euros, or instruments of a purely temporary nature such as those associated with the event of the birth of a child.
The economic support so structured was not very rational and above all detrimental to the principle of Equity. In fact, there was discrimination in terms of quality of income because, as predicted, the families of the employees received the ANF almost exclusively. The ANF provided an insurance instrument financed by employers. Nevertheless, the ANF’s share of the general taxation was the most striking part, and this was due to a series of stratified measures over time that reduced labor costs.
As already mentioned, the pre-reform regulations did not guarantee fairness in the payment of economic support and very often the poorest families could not be protected. The whole thing appeared to be a paradox, precisely because those who had less economic capacity did not have adequate benefits. The problem arose because in most cases the income was so low (less than 9,000 euros a year) that they could not benefit from the sales of the dependent children.
A careful analysis revealed that just over half of Italian families with children could benefit from both the ANF and the allowances for dependent children. In fact, on the one hand, almost half a million households received the ANF alone, and this happened because the families did not have enough income to gain access to the deduction system. On the other hand, only 40% of families with children could not benefit from the ANF, mainly because family income did not have a prevalence of income for employees.
The discipline, which has not yet been innovated by the recent reform, has proven itself not only for the protection of the principle of equality, but also not consistently in terms of indicators, because they were of an income type, partly calculated on an individual level. and partly at family level. In fact, the ANFs were calculated on the basis of the total income of the family, while the tax deduction for children was calculated on the basis of the individual income of each parent.
This system has led to concrete inconsistencies, as there could be households that, despite the same family income, could be deducted from the various amounts of income taxes from different amounts of taxes.
How the Single Universal Check works
With the introduction of the Universal Single Check, these problems are overcome because there is no longer any difference based on working conditions and it is possible to recognize the maximum benefit even for families with very low or zero. Arrive. The only benchmark for the AUU is the ISEE Modelthereby, both the total income of the families and the assets are considered. It should be noted that in the previous system equity had no relevance, in fact it was an element that was not calculated as it is now.
The structure of the Single Universal Check applies to the Equal treatment economically for all those families who have the same composition, the same income, as well as the same assets. The point is that state economic support has a universal character, but at the same time can be differentiated if the families have a different composition, income or assets. As far as the practical aspect is concerned, it must be said that the AUU is paid for every dependent minor child, starting from the seventh month of pregnancy.
For children who are already 18 years old, it will be possible to continue to benefit from financial support until their 21st birthday, but in this case it is necessary for the children to fall into the detailed hypotheses laid down in the law. Specifically, these are subjects that go into school or vocational training courses or a course. In addition, they have to do an internship or work activity and receive a total annual income of less than 8,000 euros. Another hypothesis is that the boys / girls are registered as unemployed and are looking for a job in the public employment services. This also refers to the case where the children are doing the service of the civil service.
The law protects persons with a disability for whom the payment of the allowance goes beyond the ordinary rules above, and in fact there is in this case no age limit for dependent children.
To have rightSingle Universal Check it is necessary that at the time of application and for the entire duration of the payment of the financial support, the applicant is in possession of all the requirements of Nationality, Residence In the remain arranged by today the legislative discipline.
Conversely, there is no limit to the economic requirements. All families with dependent children up to 21 years of age have the right to the allocation regardless of their income in ISEE. What has been said is that under current legislation, revenue and ISEE do not constitute selective elements to identify the beneficiaries of those who are unable to receive the AUU. Rather, what may vary is the amount of the check, but everyone has the right to receive it.