School dropout, Italy among the worst in Old Continent

The strong and organic analysis proposed by Online Magazine TrueNumbers at the rate of premature failure from the world of education and schooling of Italian students, it offers a coherent panorama of the problem at a community level. The data are, in this case, by Eurostat, a statistical body that has been observing these phenomena for decades. The frequency of a training held in mixed mode, or complete remote, has a strong impact and contributed to the interest, the premise and the limitation of the opportunities for exchange, dialogue and debate of the students, which of course takes place in the classroom; this restriction has unfortunately contributed to exponential rates of early school leaving and early school leaving, especially in the south, which is severely affected.

Few (5) European and EEA companies have less encouraging data than us, despite the fact that they are rich and advanced countries, including, for example, Iceland, Spain and Malta, due to severe anti-contagion restrictions. Students. Many plans of a community nature and dedicated to the Belpaese ensure, at least since 2010, a stable reduction of early school exchange to 10%: Italy is, due to the discrete improvements of the system, not so far from the above figure. , placed at 13, 1%.

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School dropout, the causes: socio-economic situation and poverty

The socio-economic and familial conditions of the individual stimulate and favor the phenomenon, and the relative inclusion in the family group itself, which consists of dialogue, mutual support and understanding. Early leavers, as the newspaper points out, are more present in families where parents have a low level of education and see schooling as an element, an opportunity that is not perfectly functional for the insertion of the successor into the world of work.

ISTAT claims and confirms, in this sense, that the phenomenon is caused “From a number of factors, including the socio-economic situation of the person, the pedagogical background of the family, the factors of attraction of the labor market, the relationship with the school and the pedagogical programs offered, the individual and Character characteristics of the person “. The drop-out rate of schooling, particularly secondary education, affects at least 22.7% of students with parents who have only received the secondary school certificate.

Moreover, when the latter perform an unskilled occupation, and are obviously economically difficult or do not work, the phenomenon sees an average increase of + 22%, while when they practice a specialized occupation, failures are rare (+ 3%).

Data from Italy and Europe: Italy among the top places for school dropout

The differences at the statistical level, in particular, are also expressed by evaluating the South, Central Italy and the North separately: in 2020, the drop-out rate from pre-secondary education was 16.3% in the South, 11.0% in the North and 11.5% % in the center. The differences from region to region are significant: many of these have values ​​clearly less than 10%, while Sicily, Campania, Calabria and Puglia have more declines (19.4%, 17.3%, 16.6% and 15% respectively. , 6%).

To provide a comparison with other European realities, it is necessary to obtain the data related to early school dropouts issued by Eurostat in 2019, according to which the percentage of young Europeans between 18 and 24 who complete their studies left before completing high school. to obtain the baccalaureate was 10.2%. The goal has in any case been almost achieved, but the Italian data are again above the European average; this beautiful country has a school dropout rate of 13.5%, but some improvements that have affected the management of the phenomenon are recognized and appreciated.

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