School, an assessment of the legislature in chiaroscuro. Exclusive interview with Irene Manzi National Director of the Democratic Party School

We interview Irene Manzi National Manager of the Democratic Party School, from Macerata in the Marche region, she was a Member of Parliament of the Democratic Party in the previous legislature and a member of the VII Commission for Culture and Education.

Dr Manzi, what is your assessment of the eighteenth legislature over the school, whose problems have still been left in the background, although the pandemic and the PNRR are a unique and for some unrepeatable occasion, these problems are on the agenda to bring and solve them or at least start to solve them?

The eighteenth legislature was very complicated both for the change of government formed by different political majorities (and with obviously different ideas about the interventions to be adopted in the field of education) and for the need to manage a unique phenomenon. such as the outbreak in the winter of 2020, which saw periods of closure (with the complex management of distance learning) followed by other periods of recovery with not short-term consequences on students’ learning paths. Let me give just one example: in 2019 we witnessed the cancellation – by Nordliga Minister Bussetti – of the three-year training of future teachers and a few weeks ago – with Legislative Decree 36 – was a new system for teacher recruitment. reintroduced into our system with initial training courses. It is a minimal example if you will, but it represents well the alternation of very different positions over these 4 years. The budget of the Legislature is in the Chiaroscuro because of the many difficulties that are faced, but I believe that there are elements, especially related to the PNRR goals that are dedicated to education, that can give hope because they are some of the critical Address issues that affect education. World of Schools: Teacher Recruitment (with the ambitious goal of recruiting 70,000 teachers by 2024, with competitions announced at definite and regular frequency), resources allocated to overcome territorial gaps and early school exchanges, Measures in favor of technical education and school building support, up to the important issue of school size. I do not think that the problems have disappeared or will soon disappear, but rather that we finally have the means and the resources to tackle them. It is up to us (political and state forces) to promote not only the best possible investment of these resources, but above all a fuller and more conscious process of school participation and participation in this phase. Work that we as a Democratic Party are trying to continue, now as in the past.

The government enacts in a decree law on the PNRR a recruitment reform in high school and training stimulates as the only career opportunity for teachers, unions strike and ask them to abolish, you can change the position of your party in the phase of the implementation and law of Decree 36 legislative and what are the perspectives also in light of the implementing decrees, the first of which a prime ministerial decree should be issued by 31 July, not of the political crisis that is being experienced in these hours.

We are fully aware of the critical issues that have accompanied the approval process of Legislative Decree 36 – Implementation of the PNRR objectives associated with initial teacher education and training, as well as higher education – the Democratic Party was the only political force involved. before the strike of May 30 officially confronted on the merits with the trade union forces he had called. Our position on the decree – aware of the impossibility of deleting the provisions concerning the school, precisely because it implements PNRR objectives – was critical in terms of the content of various provisions (I think in particular of the issue of cutting off resources and Still or complex problem associated with incentivized training to be entrusted to the collective agreement and not to the law, with the particularly restrictive procedures provided for in the original version of the decree), but propositional. The confrontation with the unions, the sector associations, the experts gave form and content to the amendments that the PD presented to the text, the provisions of which clearly and improved. I am thinking – just to give an example – of the possibility that the subjects who have 24 CFU to participate in the competition, even without having previously completed all the initial training, of the elimination of multi-choice quizzes in the Contest or a contest. broader recognition of the role that collective agreements play with regard to incentivized education. We would like more: I am thinking of recognizing specific tests for those precarious ones that take into account the experience or the knot – problematic and unfortunately unresolved – of the resources that have unfortunately not been restored. It is a challenge that we must continue to measure ourselves against, of course, not the political crisis and progress, including the renewal of the collective agreement for teachers, the school department and the school. engaged. whole National start with Enrico Letta – in these complex weeks.

School dropouts, in the controversy over distribution criteria, reach the first 500 million euros. Some scholastic problem experts argue that we often intervene on the effects and never on the causes, we think of the so-called implicit dispersion. Two governments, Conte 2 and Draghi, have done nothing to examine the parameters of class formation and for many one of the causes of dispersion, if not the main cause is precisely the excessive number of students in the classes.

We, too, have followed the controversy that has accompanied the distribution of the first 500 million in favor of schools to combat dispersal. In our opinion, it would have been preferable to have a greater preventive involvement of schools in local realities in planning and in the ways that are implemented to combat dispersal. Unfortunately, this has not happened and we must now ensure that resources are used effectively. Certainly, the high number of students per class is one of the reasons influencing early school leaving (with which, however, other elements are associated, such as the social and cultural background of students), and it is particularly risky. in specific phases – such as at the beginning of cycles – or in vocational institutes. In this sense, the provision in the Budget Law of 2022, which authorizes the Ministry of Education, to establish classes in the derogation of the provisions of Presidential Decree 81/2009, in schools characterized by values ​​of social, economic and cultural status indices, is significant .a early school leaving, recognizing such a correlation between early school leaving and the high number of pupils per class and envisage measures to address such a complex and dangerous phenomenon. The reorganization of the school system itself – the reform of the PNRR, which is achieved during the course of the year – questions precisely the number of pupils and pupils per class, in order to take into account also the progressive phenomenon of denatality, the difficulties in the internal areas. and danger of depopulation. In this regard, as recently represented by Minister Bianchi, I hope that a debate and a broad debate on this subject will open up, with, for example, local government, mayors in the first place, to jointly define adequate levels. , which I also take into account the territorial specificities that exist in our country.

Class safety in light of the recovery of the pandemic for its Omicron variants. In September for the third year in a row for the air exchange we will be forced to open the window?

The Democratic Party has – as you know – always been actively involved in the installation of sanitary and ventilation equipment in schools, both by adopting specific guidelines on the adoption of mobile cleaning equipment and by designation – in the Energy Decree of the latter. But – additional financial resources for the purchase of sanitary and air filter equipment. Unfortunately, these guidelines have not yet been issued and so we continue to demand – through our political groups – the relevant ministries (in particular those of the Ministries of Health) to adopt a measure that is necessary to start the New Year school without start. further uncertainties or expectations. What is happening in times of political crisis, unfortunately, does not give us any hope for the rapid implementation of the measure.

Here are all the texts to prepare for the school’s extraordinary competition 2022

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