Safety at sea: “More training and controls”

FANO – Nach Drama that took place on the beach of Gimarra, and cost the lives of father and sonthe debate on Safety at sea. Unfortunately, what happened on Saturday, data in hand, is far less rare than one might think: thinking that attributing these misfortunes to simple fatality does not help on what a path of consciousness should be.

To clarify this delicate issue, we asked for an explanation Raffaele Perrottathe current president of the Fisa, the Italian Aquatic Rescue Federation. It turns out that there are many aspects that need to be implemented to try and make the holidays on our coasts safer: “Safety is the result of an algorithm, a series of situations involving both swimming and rescue – Perrotta begins – there are many aspects that need to be considered, we need a global perspective ».

We asked if that was enough in terms of power rules and it would be enough to respect them or a reform is needed: “The rules that are now in force are not enough, but I think the problem lies in what we can define “Mangel u MierkulturBaths, people on holiday are often unaware of the power regulations, of the true meaning, for example, of the same red flag that forbids bathing. It is essential to create knowledge and an informative awareness about it … it it is desirable that this “sea culture” becomes a school subject, perhaps in civil war we could already prevent 80% of dangers arising from a certain ignorance of the sea itself. Let us take the red flag: perhaps a ground thinks that it should indicate a rough sea and instead indicate the presence of equal ridiculous sea currents even without the presence of breakers; the waves of the ships are also underestimated, which even in the case of a seemingly calm sea can pose a danger to the little ones ».

Not knowing the sea is then added a certain “relaxation” through the holiday situation: «During the holidays, it is certain that the risk will be relativised. In other words, there is a different perception of danger even with the little ones. You have what is called “Passive Attention”: You examine the little ones perhaps during a chat … You underestimate the traps and generally overestimate your physical abilities without taking into account the current state of health or shape, exposure to the sun and other personal variables that are crucial to take into account take. Only those who have done a swimming preparation in the sea can have an awareness of one’s own resistance and how far it can go, interpreting wind and currents, orienting oneself and much more. When all this is missing, we can also encounter serious episodes that lead to drowning in the famous five phases, although we often speak of three phases: stress, panic and oppression of the head ».

The other aspect to consider is the Formation of lifeline: «They do not always get the right tools to confront the world of the sea: I mean both preparation and equipment. Many courses, for example, are conducted exclusively in swimming: the checks and examinations for these figures should be much more demanding. Meet up it is possible to go from the patent of the rescue in the swimming pool to the one in the sea with disturbing ease: A rowing test is enough. It is they themselves who are not aware of the responsibility, even legally, who shoulder their shoulders. One aspect that I would like to emphasize and that should be developed more and more is what I call it. “figure out“: We must not wait for the accident, but we must learn to prevent it. This is achieved through better training of those who have to control the beach by offering suitable instruments, and innovative. I am not saying water bikes but that rescue did not deliver not even a Buoyance Vest it’s really serious; fins and masks should be added. Another aspect is that of the laws: To date, there are 200 linear meters that a rescue service has to look after: far too many when one considers the number of floors. The paradox is that in the pool, read by hand, every 25 meters must be a lifeline … but the sea, with all its unknowns, is extremely more dangerous. Abroad, for example, even in countries where the coast and the beach are not present or much less present than Italy, laws are enforced much more rigidly: I am thinking of Switzerland and Germany; in the latter country, life saving is a school subject. If you are in the water in the presence of a ban, you risk very high fines, ditto for the rescue service, which did not enforce the ban ».

At the statistical level Unfortunately, it is not clear how many deaths are related to drowning: “On a statistical level we always talk about 450/500 deaths per year but these are somewhat short-sighted estimates: since there is no specific database, we generally speak of drowning, without distinguishing between drowning bluein which the subject drinks and drowns water, and that whitein which death in water is associated with cardiac arrest, previous illnesses, sensitivity to temperature or to the sun, the famous Water shock: The last type of drowning is not included in the statistics. If we change the method of targeting, we would find ourselves in front of very different statistical data ».

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