Pnrr in schools, Minister Bianchi’s response did not convince experts

We are wasting the National Research Council’s funds for the schools, we titled the espresso a few days ago, spreading the problem of the first tranche of the plan, according to the experts we consulted, ignoring the institutes that needed it the most. It is the same Education Minister Patrizio Bianchi who responds with a letter to the citizens to explain what is happening with the Pnrr funds, designed to combat territorial gaps and early school exchanges (1.5 billion between now and 2026 of which, by decree 170 of last June 24, the first 500 million were distributed to the 12-18 year old group).

As explained on Espresso, the selection of funds for the distribution of funds was not in all cases a consequence of the real needs of the region: in the metropolitan city of Naples, for example, schools in the difficult districts of Forcella and Ponticelli are excluded.. The same thing happened in Bologna, where they stayed out of schools and suburban areas like Barca and Il Pilastro. Or in Palermo, where the directors of the institutions Giuliana Saladino and Sperone-Pertini declared: “Paradoxically, we are paying for the fact that we have activated virtual processes in recent years, to show that it is possible However, we continue to emphasize the importance of recognizing the difficult choices made by the State in recent years in order to ensure continuity of action in this area. “But we think it’s an obvious material error. Other reasons are not understandable.”

The Fall

So we are wasting the PNRR funds earmarked for the schools

Chiara Sgreccia



As Marco Rossi Doria, the first road master in Italy and member of the working group of experts convened by the Ministry of Education to define the modalities of action against early school leaving, had already stated: “This has happened because too many criteria have been simplified. for the identification of the schools “. While the other problem is that Decree 170 does not specify the parameters that the institutions must respect in order to receive the funds. In the letter, the minister wrote that the guidelines were under way and that this is based on the indications developed by the expert group. Which, meanwhile, is responding by making public the document drawn up to combat the pedagogical failure and gaps, which was delivered to the Ministry of Education in May.

The point is that if Italy wants to combat concrete and permanent early school leaving and the education of the recent increase, it is necessary to start structural reforms. It is not enough to give schools. This is why, in agreement with the European Union, the Recovery and Resilience Plan has been developed: to give the initial and fundamental pressure to launch new public policies that are capable of changing situations that have not worked for years. . In various sectors, including education, to ensure equal access to education for all. At the moment, the foundations for defining effective programming are lacking.

It lacks disaggregated Istat data, which is used to identify who the students are in order to track where they are and how to reach them.. As a result, there are – in addition to the fact that some criteria carry less weight than others (such as unemployment in relation to the number of pupils) – schools that have been excluded from the distribution of funds even though they should have. et. But since October 2021, when the technical instructions for selecting Pnrr projects were defined, time has passed.

This opportunity could have been used to understand how to process the data we need and to provide it as the necessary parameters to initiate measures capable of effectively reducing territorial gaps and combating early school exchanges. An analysis that had to be done upstream, which certainly required more work and commitment than usual, but which would have made it possible not to come to terms with the seriousness and uncertainty about the real efficiency of the plan to the deadline defined by the EU to be. .

“It will not be this plan alone that intervenes to counter the phenomenon of dispersion, which, because of its complexity, must be addressed with all the interventions of the NRP. We have a precise program,” Bianchi wrote in the letter.

Then perhaps the time has come where the program, the foundations on which the guidelines are based, with which schools can use the funds, and what tools will be used to create what the Minister’s Education “called. Communities “, founded on the alliance on the territory between schools and entities of the third sector, are clarified. To prevent what happened with the disbursement of the first tranche of funds, it happens again.

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