The National Recovery and Resilience Plan (PNRR) is a plan for the transformation of the country, for economic revitalization, for the realization of the ecological and digital transition, realized thanks to the Next Generation EU.
The PNRR is divided into six missions, which represent the main areas of the intervention of the plan and are: digitalisation, innovation, competitiveness, culture and tourism; Green Revolution and ecological transition; Infrastructures for sustainable mobility; Education and research; Inclusion and cohesion; Bless you.
The European Union has agreed 750 Billion, of which 191.5 billion for Italy, thanks to subsidies and loans from the Recovery and Resistance Fund (RRF). The integration of Italy’s 30 billion takes place through the use of a supplementary fund financed directly from the budget.
The resources devoted to education are equal 17.59 Billion Euros (including “existing” projects), with 11 investment lines, 6 for infrastructure and 5 for skills. The beneficiaries of the resources allocated to education allocated through public procurement are the schools, the ITS and the communes that own the buildings in terms of school building interventions.
PNRR Education, the first measures in the pipeline
Over five billion for the construction and safety of playschools and playschools, for the construction of innovative schools, for the increase of canteens and gymnasiums, for the requalification of the school building stock. These are the first measures that the government has implemented with funds from the PNRR.
A package of interventions that directly provide a third of the total funding provided for in the PNRR for the education system, totaling $ 17.59 billion.
Playschool and playschool
3 Billion Euros for the Plan for kindergartens and kindergartens: the aim is to reduce the existing gaps in early childhood education services and to strengthen them throughout the territory in the age group 0-6. The 3 billion are therefore divided: 2.4 billion for the 0-2 year range (55.29% of these resources go to the South) and 600 million for the 3-5 year age group (40% for the South). This is the second tranche of a total allocation of 4.6 billion provided for in the PNRR for this chapter, thanks to the total 1,800 school-building interventions and 264,480 new places are being created to accommodate girls and boysto improve the service that families are offered to support, too, of female employment.
800 million of Euro for the Building plan for 195 new schools replacing old buildings (40% of the resources go to the South). These will be innovative schools from an architectural and structural point of view, highly sustainable and with maximum energy efficiency, inclusive and able to guarantee teaching based on innovative methodologies and on full usability of the learning environment. Once the areas for the construction of the schools have been identified, the Ministry of Education launches a design competition.
400 million euros for the strengthening of full-time work by increasing the number of school canteens (57.68% of the resources are in the South). The attribution makes it possible to perform thousands of interventions, build new premises or remodel existing ones.
300 million euros (54.29% of the resources are in the South) to increase the supply of sports activities by building gymnasiums or renovating existing ones, to build or renovate a total of 230,400 square meters.
710 million euros for the Security plan and renovation of schools (40% of the resources will go to the South): the regions identify the bodies eligible for funding based on regional programs to ensure the security and renovation of existing school building heritage.
The other reforms in the pipeline
The other six reforms contribute to placing the school system at the center of the country’s growth, and fully integrating it into the European dimension. The measures relate to the strategic aspects of the school: the reorganization of the school system, the training of staff, the recruitment procedures, the guidance system, the reorganization of the technical and vocational institutions and the higher education institutions (ITS).
In accordance with the guidelines of the European Commission and EU Regulation no. 241/2021, all reforms until 2022 are adopted.
Reform of professional technical institutions
The reform should align the curriculum of technical and professional institutes with the demand for skills arising from the productive fabric of the countryparticularly for the innovation output of the National Industry 4.0 Plan and the deep digital innovation that is taking place in all sectors of the labor market.
The high Quality of the curriculum offered will encourage employabilitythank you also for the harmonization of training programs based on the needs of each territory.
The reform invests in human capital and takes a targeted and appropriate approach to the geographical, economic and social conditions of each local context, with immediate short- and long-term benefits to the country’s growth potential.
Recruitment of teachers
The reform aims to review the current system of teacher recruitment, in line with a rethinking of their initial training and throughout their careers.
The goal is determine a significant improvement in the quality of pedagogical pathwaysto provide female students and students with ever-increasing levels of knowledge, interpersonal and methodological-applied skills, as well as covers the available chairs with permanent teachers regularly and stably.
Training and experimenting with innovative methodologies also allow for a selection process not only on the level of knowledge, but also on the learning methods learned and on the ability to engage with the educational community.
If the reform is approved, by 2024 70,000 teachers will be recruited through the new system.
The reform will begin Orientation modules in high school and in high school (not less than 30 hours for female students and fourth- and fifth-year students) and a digital orientation platform is emerging in conjunction with the tertiary education offer of universities and ITS. To put the education system, the university system and the world of work into synergy it favors a conscious choice for continuing education or vocational training and contrasts the dropout rate and growth of neets.
The reform also looks for theExpansion of the experiments of four-year high school and technicianswith another 1,000 classes in as many schools (in addition to the current 100).
The reform is to be adopted by 2022.
The reform will guarantee the further professional and professional development of the school staff through the creation of a High school and continuing education school for school leaders, teachers and ATA staff. Indire, Invalsi and Italian and foreign universities will be involved to ensure a quality continuity system, in line with European standards. The aim is to offer pedagogical and didactic training which, together with a thorough knowledge of the subject, enables effectively pose the challenge of imparting methodological, digital and cultural skills within the framework of high-quality education.
This is the only reform with a budget of 34 million euros.
Reorganization of the school system
The reform calls for action two strategic aspects: the number of students per class and the size of the school network.
The number of pupils enrolled in the school will decrease in the coming years due to lower birth rates, which will lead to a decrease in the need for school staff: a scenario that offers the possibility to reorganize the school system over thinking.
The end result is a reduction in the average number of female students per class, in favor of the quality of education.
Reform of the ITS system
The reform is intended to simplify the organizational and learning model, Increasing the number of institutions and membersimprove the quality of the connection with the network of entrepreneurs in the territories, to Bridging the mismatch between supply and demand for work.
ITS, also thanks to partnerships with companies, universities, research centers and local authorities, will offer this way. increasingly advanced job-oriented tertiary coursesI for the training of technicians who manage highly complex systems and processes in six areas: energy efficiency; sustainable mobility; new technologies of life; new technologies for Made in Italy; innovative technologies for cultural heritage and related activities; Information and communication technologies.
The full implementation of the reform, which will be adopted by the first half of 2022, is expected in 2025.
Here is the Pnrr website for education with a single portal that allows the school world to find data, public announcements and information.
“Education and research“: Allocated in total 31.9 billion euros, of which 17 for schools (30.9 billion from the RRF apparatus and 1 from the fund) with the aim of strengthening the education system, digital and technical-scientific skills, research and technology transfer.