PNRR Education, Bianchi: “Orientation reform plays a strategic role. It will be implemented by December 2022.” [TESTO INTEGRALE]

The Ministry of Education, through the Minister for Relations with Parliament, Federico D’Incà, responded to the question from the Democratic Party, through MP Rosa Maria Di Giorgi, regarding the leadership.

Here is the full answer from Ministry of Education:

The question presented allows us to return to a very relevant topic.

Designing and implementing effective guidance pathways, both at training and professional level, is today, more than ever in the past, a necessary step to enable the new generations to make conscious evaluations in making choices for their future. For this reason, the orientation represents a continuous formative process, an “education in choice”, which accompanies the person throughout his life.

In the light of these considerations, guidance reform plays a strategic role in the reforms envisaged by the National Recovery and Resilience Plan (NRPR).

The latter actually aims to improve the quality of the education system, by increasing success indicators and reducing territorial and gender gaps, also for increasing the youth employment rate. A priority and essential goal of the plan is to combat the phenomenon of early retirement, which according to a recent survey in high schools reaches 3.8 percent. The fight against early school exchange thus fights the phenomenon of the so-called NEETs (Not in Education, Employment or Training) or young people who do not study, do not work and are not included in education.

The reform of the PNRR provides for the introduction of module orientation (minimum 30 hours per year), for the fourth and fifth school years of high school. Nevertheless, the most qualifying aspect of the reform intervention developed by the Ministry of Education in the implementation of the PNRR is a significant extension of these leadership modules also in the high school.

It is at the end of the first cycle of education that girls and boys are called upon to make a complex choice that has an impact on the entire course of their lives. The basic idea is to explain the “training chains” that cross and connect high schools and colleges. For example, the reform and strengthening of ITS requires that our young people know the tertiary school and, if interested, choose a secondary path that is most relevant and appropriate.

This paradigm shift will also benefit from the enormous investment that the European Union has approved for Mission 4 of the PNRR.

Within this investment line, first-cycle schools can also carry out guidance actions to enable the introduction of curriculum and extracurricular guidance modules, which are particularly relevant to scientific, technological and multilingual disciplines and careers. . These modules must be managed with the use of innovative teaching and leadership methodologies, able to bring out and improve the personal talents of students, thanks to experimental workshops of co-design, entrepreneurship education, scientific production and creative, simulated and immersive work experiences , with the use of digital technologies, mobility and exchanges at national and European level.

It must be remembered, however, that 86% of the schools are already conducting orientation activities, which mainly focus on ways to understand themselves and their novelties, as well as presenting the various high school courses to the students.

The reform will be implemented by December 2022 through specific guidelines and the implementation of these measures will be supported by the creation of a digital platform dedicated to the specific training of teachers on innovative methodologies for guidance.

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