LGBTQ + rights, “alias” careers and “neutral” bathrooms are starting to spread in Italian schools

Italian students are largely in favor of recognizing the rights of LGBTQ + people in school as well. A need that has already emerged strongly during last autumn-winter protests, which later led to the school’s general states, with demands to “raise” even more LGBTQ + people in the school community, such as the introduction of the “alias” career in “neutral” bathrooms. This is confirmed by a survey conducted by Skuola.net portal on the occasion of the International Day against Homophobia (May 17th). Among the 1,800 students from the high schools surveyed, as many as 58% agree with a decisive extension of the rights of LGBTQ + students. In addition, a further 25% are in favor.

Nevertheless, in many institutions on this topic is hardly talked about: almost half of the girls and boys involved in the survey (44%) reveal that in their school issues such as sexual orientation and gender identity are not taken into consideration.. Even better than the 34% who say these topics are almost a taboo in their institute. In the end, only 1 in 5 often has the opportunity to talk about it in class.

But not everyone sees it this way among the students as well. If, as expected, over 8 out of 10 are fully or partially ready for the turning point, the rest (17%) are instead divided between those who are “in principle against” and those who are absolutely against. This is an attitude that is partly a child of the air that one breathes at home: only 16% of students confirm that they have parents who support the cause, against well over 32% who instead have a contradiction of their Explain family.the scholastic inclusivity. by LGBTQ + people. Finally, there are also shy 19% who reveal that they do not talk about it in the family at all.

Career aka in neutral toilets at school: something moves

From these premises, we can better understand why, as far as the extension and recognition of some rights to the LGBTQ + community in schools is concerned, when much has been done, much remains to be done. We are talking, for example, about the now famous “alias” career for students who do not recognize themselves in the “male” or “female” gender. Only 10% say it was activated in their school. Half of the respondents (50%), on the other hand, confirm that, even though it is potentially notable by some students, the activation of this tool is not and will not be expected any time soon. All the others say they have no information about it or have no schoolmates they might need.

Moreover, where the “alias” career was activated, the initiative was almost always by students: in 77% of cases with specific requests, while a shy 13% confirmed that they had proven to get this tool. The same goes for the introduction of “neutral” bathrooms in schools. Only 17% have it available, while 72%, even vis-à-vis potential users, have not found a receptive school. And this has almost always been achieved after violent protests (32%) or at least a formal request (58%). Only 1 in 10 schools made these decisions independently.

There is not always an inclusive environment in schools. And there is no shortage of homophobic acts

The numbers tell us, however, that the subject should not go so quietly. Because more than half of the respondents confirm the presence of gay / bi / transgender people in their school, with 18% indicating that they are also part of the LGBTQ + community. In their responses, it is also easy to outline the situation that these people live in school buildings. Only for 28%, in their school, there is a climate of inclusivity and integration vis-à-vis the LGBTQ + community. While more than half (53%) did not hide the occurrence of some episodes of dissent and discrimination. Without underestimating the 19% who reveal that they go to a school where there are often exclusion episodes.

It also emerges from the testimony of the boys there are no real acts of intolerance in schools. Almost 2 out of 3 have never witnessed homophobic violence, whether physical or verbal. But about 1 in 4 reveals that they are aware of or have witnessed, though rarely, such episodes; while 1 in 10 speaks of frequent violence. And as if that were not enough, where there have been repeated episodes of violence, it almost always seems that the school has not taken any significant measures: in 39% of the cases nothing has been done, while the other 38% are only treated . an oral reprimand; only 18% of respondents speak of suspensions to the detriment of those in charge.

What more could be done? Student Suggestions on LGBTQ + Rights

In summary, the image just illustrates to us a measure of what has been done so far in schools regarding LGBTQ + rights. And, as the directly concerned witnesses, namely the student, need an acceleration. How? First, students seek dialogue: they want to be heard and understood. Therefore, among the suggestions made by the Skola.net survey, we first find the introduction of “Theme Days” and “Listening with Experts”. And more generally, the aim is to stimulate debate. From the series: The more you talk about it, the better. An awareness-raising campaign fully invested by the school world, with “teacher training” to test its inclusivity. From this point of view, “the intervention of LGBTQ + people” would be fundamental with the aim of holding courses and taking their personal experiences as an example. In general, what students suffer the most is the lack of a proper debate in the institutions involved in a topic that can no longer be left behind. “Stop the topic” was among the sentences most quoted by students, which makes us understand how different social barriers are still perfectly in place.

“The majority of students want a more inclusive and LGBTQ + law-conscious school. It is a generation that has the desire to address issues that until recently were taboo and the last one once and for all. The school has a duty , accepting this need and giving students the insight they are asking for, even if it means leaving the school curriculum for a few lessons. ‘Sphere of civic education could fall. Meanwhile, the proliferation of tools such as career aliases that allow one to point to official documents in a different way than the identity card to official documents, or bathrooms designed for non-binary students dedicated, up. Often more so for the specific needs of the students than for the initiative of the school “like this Daniele Grassucci, Director of Skuola.net.

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