Insights on the validation process of the school orientation test

(Adnkronos) – To try to combat and reduce the phenomenon of early school leaving, to favor the choice to continue their studies for students who leave secondary school, the orientation test was created. The Italian Surveyors Foundation, which has always been active in implementing projects and solutions in favor of school and vocational training, such as the “Georientiamoci. A way for orientation”, has made the orientation test available for free on its website.

The orientation test, whose validation comes only after a rigorous qualitative and quantitative analysis process, is an important supporting element:

The structure of the orientation test

The orientation test consists of 4 different areas of investigation that examine all the elements necessary to draw an accurate profile of the student and finally arrive at the indication of the study paths that are most in line with the potential and individual characteristics .

The 4 areas of investigation and the respective variables are:

Within each variable there are elements such as questions, logical tests, games that allow to explore the aspects of the different survey variables. From the analysis of the responses to the items and the creation of integrated profiles that compare what has emerged on different areas / survey variables, a detailed final report is obtained that highlights:

– Need to guide the choice

– Cognitive skills that support choice

-Personal factors influencing choice

– Orientation

– Competencies of European citizenship

– Interests related to the world of work

In general, the test includes over 150 questions, 5 interactive activities, 6 integrated profiles, 2 types of orientation (address and institute).

Test validation

The orientation test validation methodology includes two phases:

1. Prevalidation: carried out between September and December 2019 on 232 students between 11 and 17 years old with teacher supervision and through qualitative and quantitative analysis

2. Validation: carried out between June and September 2022 on 2,744 tests completed by students aged 11 to 17 with the supervision of teachers, through a quantitative analysis to verify and validate the effectiveness of the tool

For the scientific validation of the orientation test, the Italian Surveyors Foundation collaborated with the Faculty of Political, Social and Communication Sciences – Department of Communication and Social Research – of La Sapienza University of Rome.

Main indicators that have emerged

The sample of 2,744 tests, representative of gender, age and territorial distribution, has interesting indications. At the level of types of leadership, for example, 48.1% of the sample shows a general predisposition towards the addresses of the Technical Institutes.

Regarding the profiles created during the validation phase, here are the 4 main ones:

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