The teacher’s career, the role of the teacher and the future of education was the title of the dialogue on Orizzonte Scuola TV with school directors Sandra Scicolone and Rocco D’Avolio. The two principals answered questions from Angela Ferraro and Olga Naples, representatives of the Valier Association.
The title refers to a composite theme, which consists of the aspect of the teacher’s career in the educational specialties that form both the secondary and the technical higher education.
Far from providing an exhaustive discussion on the topics, they nonetheless offer valuable insights and analysis based on the competence of the interviewees.
The reflection begins with the bitter observation that in Italy there is no multilevel career for teachers, or the presence of an institutionalized differentiation of roles associated with merit and not in seniority, the only salary criterion currently in still anachronistic.
The institution of recognized resource management figures represents one of the workhorses of the ANP, which fights for the system of roles and careers of the teacher, which is lacking today, to be put into political action. “In the Italian school system, teachers are born and die or, if you will, through complicated competitions, gaining access to the roles of the school or the technical management.” see DS Scicolone.
In short, a static system and, why not, a bit old-fashioned, that does not improve teachers and does not allow them to move on to roles and functions that currently depend solely on the tasks delegated by the teacher.
But staff numbers, teachers in general and class coordinators in particular, were valuable, if not indispensable, resources for schools during the pandemic period. The resilience shown by the schools, the goal of a succession of ever new provisions, was exceptional and reminded of all the pillars on which they are based and on which their functioning rests: these are the human resources , teachers, school managers, staff figures, as well as administrative, technical and support staff.
“Our desire – further DS Scicolone – is to be able to recognize such professional skills, which enrich through their institutionalization and contribute to the success of the whole school organization.”
The narrow social appeal, which surrounds the work of the teacher, which today depends almost entirely on personal motivation, but which despite great energy expenditure can give a great satisfaction, should be all the more reasoned and adequately paid.
“In the pandemic, politicians have repeatedly stated their willingness to put the school in the center of the country, here, to make it real, massive investments should be channeled into the school staff, because the school is essentially made up of human capital. consists.“, repeats DS Scicolone.
The news of the events affecting our lives, such as living together with the pandemic, also highlighted the need to increase the training capacity of the whole education and training system on professional figures and skills, including biotechnology, health and digital sectors. as a particularly relevant renewable energy sector. These needs, which are more closely linked to the professions of the future, are being met by the chain of technical education, both at the secondary and tertiary levels.
Technical institutes, far from being misunderstood as inferior, in fact represent the most innovative type of school, more connected to the world of production and work, more calibrated to the scientific-technological needs of the future, as well as that. where there is the overwhelming use of laboratory methodology, which has the advantage of both involving students very actively in their learning process, as well as developing skills that are more closely linked to current and future educational needs.
Closely connected to the productive world are the high-tech institutes, which are more present in the north, due to the stronger entrepreneurial culture that is present there, but which represent an educational reality, which also gradually gains ground in the south, precisely because of its training ability. and then enter the world of work (more than 80% of students leaving an ITS will find a job according to the acquired specialization) subjects specialized precisely in the technological fields that constitute the education and production needs of the future.
Executive D’Avolio, both as a Guide to a Technical Institute and as a Promoter for an ITS Foundation in the Province of Foggia, presents the strange and innovative potentials associated with this training chain, with the hope that it will be of particular interest. the southern, and so many young people offer a great opportunity that can remain in their territories as carrying the competencies of the future in terms of technologies and sustainable innovation. “
In addition – Executive D’Avolio continues – Students who leave the Higher Technical Specialization course, which consists of 4 semesters for a total of about 2000 hours, a large part of which is completed in the company, can get the training credits recognized by the university if they want to study to continue ”. In short, a great opportunity to encourage and invest.
We therefore envisage a desirable future, both for the students in terms of the expansion of the technical education chain, which will allow them more job opportunities, and for the teachers, through the revision of the career system, for a more equitable increase. of merit, their professionalism and commitment, through the institutionalization of intermediate leadership roles.
All this in the logic of the overall benefit in the sense of improving the school system and its functioning.