From the “Made in Italy” high school to the stop for the entrance tests, what could change for schools and universities with the new government

The result of the political elections allows the center-right and above all the brothers of Italy to have enough “free” hands to implement many of its points. Government program. Among the chapters that certainly did not have the limelight in the election campaign are those related to school and university. In fact, speaking to the young people, the orientations focused primarily on work. But much of the success of the employment policy starts with the training system.

For this we tried a look what shape the next executive of that sector could takefocus on the plan of the team led by Giorgia Meloni, that is, the one who could dictate the line.

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School: more English and tribal skills, creation of the “Made in Italy” high school. Towards an “early” diploma in the reformed PCTO

In the Fratelli d’Italia program, between school and university, much more space is devoted to the latter. Although, perhaps, the most interesting innovations are those planned for lower levels of education. From this last area, much is oriented towards concreteness, and a direct line between training and employment is presented. In this sense, for example, measures such as: the Strengthening the teaching of scientific subjects in all ways, starting from mathematics (without neglecting the classical), a greater one Improvement of technical institutions and the Reform of transversal pathways for skills and orientation (the former alternation of school-work), the restoration of study courses that enable work. A strategy that was also largely part of the plans of the Draghi government.

The real new thing, if anything, is there Creation of the so-called liceo del Made in Italya school founded to train figures, especially “technical”, specialized in those sectors, mostly with handicrafts, in which our country is a point of reference throughout the world, but which are affected by a strong mismatch between demand and job offer (there are places , often there is a lack of resources capable of performing this task).

Another goal that the winning party of the election declared is the achievement of full command of English for all studentsencourages more than what is done today the development of a part of the path Abroad training. On the other hand, the idea of reduce the schooling by one year, with the same total number of hours, to allow young Italians to graduate for 17-18 years, for – according to the provisions of the brothers of Italy – the graduation age of our children with that of many western states and , therefore, for the first time Access to the university course or the world of professional training and work. However, as I said, we are talking about here “Start a comparison with the school world to check the practicability”.

Protection of equal schools and higher salaries for teachers. As long as they update

Continuing with the school theme, among the points that have also found a place in the unity program of the centre-right, there is the Protection of private schools and the Defense of the freedom of educational choice of the families, also through the introduction of vouchers that can be freely issued in the various school structures. There is also a bit of a battle along the way Homeworkthat “They must be managed with moderation and common sense” in that “The training mainly takes place in the classroom”.

On a “structural” level, however, Fratelli d’Italia counts “Improving the teaching profession”Contrary to the historical precariousness and the didactic discontinuity, ensures a progressive Alignment of teachers’ salaries with the European average but as a conditioncontinuous update for teachers. To complete the picture, the demand for more cooperation between private people, local authorities, schools and universities, to guarantee students adequate places where they can study outside school hours. It is still: extraordinary interventions on school buildings “For safe, modern and ecologically sustainable schools”; the opening to more sports in schools, with new facilities, swimming pools and gymnasiums; Strengthening the possibility of Purchase and use of textbooks in electronic format, “To reduce the cost of families”.

University: faster degrees and stop at the entrance test for medicine, but limited number on the “French”

To go to university, as predicted, the measures that are perhaps the most immediately feasible are concentrated there. Those included under a macro objective: “Favors increasing the number of graduates in Italy”. How do the brothers of Italy want to do it? First of all review the current 3 + 2 university system. However, without specifying what the alternative way is, whether to return to the old system, appropriately updated, of four-year degrees (except in rare cases) or whether to introduce something new, dedicated to multidisciplinarity and transversality between areas. It is certain that the strategy of the party, in accordance with what was presented for diplomas, would like shorten as well the timing of completion.

Another pillar, on the university front, is the Reform of the access system on a limited number of faculties; especially those in the medical and health field. In the latter case, however, it is not about the abolition of the limited number, but about the introduction of a system that free entry for the first year and a selection from the second year of the course (the so-called “French” model). It remains to be seen how this openness can be concluded with the current educational capacity of our university structures.

In the transition from school to university, the need for an “internationalization” of the tertiary system is confirmed, with a press on stem disciplines (although still protecting the area of ​​the humanities) and with the Strengthening dual language courses.

Right to Education: Post-Covid Rental Fund, plus Honorary Loans, Support for the Disabled

Several points of the Brothers of Italy program dedicated to education Right to study. Actually, there is talk of a real “reform”: with the fight against regional differences, mainly through grants and scholarships; with the Strengthening of scholarships for the most deserving and reintroduction in the Strengthening the honor credit system for university students; with a Post-Covid rental fund for the return and presence of students; with a Increase in housing, medical facilities and health services essential for non-resident students; with listening and peer tutoring for students with disabilities.

Finally, in the field of postgraduate studies, there is talk of strengthening the orientation and meeting paths between recent graduates and companies; greater investment in Research, digitization and technology transfer; greater synergy between universities and individuals in the field of research and patents; ten-year programming of research and innovation funding; of “Relaunching the figure of the researcher”. To close, a Revision of the teacher evaluation system.

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