“When you talk to these guys, you notice that they already feel Italian in every sense. The problem is that they are not legal and that is the mistake that needs to be resolved.” Eraldo Affinati, writer and founder of Penny Wirton, a free Italian school for migrants, renews its appeal for the Ius Scholae – the law that allows about 280,000 foreign students to obtain Italian citizenship after 5 years of schooling in our country – approved until the end of the legislature.
According to the Istat Annual Report, 78.5% of foreign secondary students speak Italian and three out of four children speak and read our language “very well”. Does your experience confirm this data?
“We are talking about children who are already substantially Italian. There are children who were born in Italy to immigrant parents or who arrived in our country as children before the age of 12. Children and adolescents who think, write and write in our language speak with a lot of dialectical inflections ”.
There are those who speak of “simple nationality”. Is school attendance a sufficient requirement?
“The additional school guarantees these children not only a cultural, but also a social and anthropological education. The school is not only about a diploma, but is also an opportunity to meet and exchange. It means these children and colleagues and the ‘Integrating relationships with other colleagues. Adolescents’.
What value does it have for these young people to obtain Italian nationality?
“Having this, for many, would mean ratifying an already existing situation. On the basis of Ius Scholae, there is the idea of a welcome that is not undifferentiated, but fair. It is a fact of civilization that “The issue is not whether it should be politically exploited.”
And did not have it?
“Based on my experience as a teacher, not having it means marginalizing in the group of colleagues, having problems and participating in trips abroad. In short, not being seen as equal to others.”
Could some extreme cultural demands, such as the gang phenomenon, originate from the country in which one lives, feel rejected?
“That’s exactly what it is. These identity claims are the result of the phenomenon of marginalization that these children are living on their own skin, precisely because they are not recognized as Italians. anchored in origin “.
So could Ius Scholae limit the onset of such phenomena?
“Through the Ius Scholae, we would cure these situations. Even the recent episode of bullying and harassment in Peschiera del Garda proves just that: by not being a national, you are condemning these young people to the ghetto. The moment they feel rejected, rejected, marginalized, boys pursue their own identities to create a personality while still in training.they have nothing and remain attached to every flag.Ius Scholae would solve a problem of this type at the root.
What do you think about the proposal to increase the required school year from 5 to 8?
“From my point of view, it could be an acceptable mediation to come to a positive solution. The problem is only political. When you look at the boys and the faces, stay with them every day, you realize that it is really just a discourse. . of political strategies on the skin of the people. And that’s the worst. “