Financial crisis and education: Lebanon faces brain drain and early school change

The current health emergency in Lebanon has caused fewer deaths than the economic-financial ones in recent years. The devaluation of the lira, the local currency, the rush for banks to collect foreign currency is blocking the economy of the country, limiting foreign investment as much as possible; this is due to the progressive liquidation of the purchasing power, the closure and bankruptcy of strategic sectors and production facilities of these employees and the consequent loss of jobs.

Families who are forced to survive on a single wage or worse not have a stable, are reduced to the streets and seek wealth elsewhere or begin a life of pain, inadequacy and lack of prospects for the future to, especially for the young interested in that country a change that is linked by economic and financial crisis, political strife and power games between imagining families.

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To increase the dose, Israel’s ongoing war threats in recent weeks have been prepared. This creates social tensions: children stop going to school, give up already to build a future that does not seem to belong to them, flee to universities abroad and to local universities, or give up their studies to meet the economic needs of families.

Early school leaving in the former “Garden of Eden of the East”: an emergency phenomenon

A UN study published in January found that 30% of people aged 15 to 24 in Lebanon dropped out of secondary school due to problems related to transport, costs and the inability to reconcile with employment. , even if irregular. According to the survey, more and more young people are skipping school meals and are not receiving health care because they are at least publicly suffering from investment.

The World Bank and the IMF have pointed out in several reports that Lebanon is the worst global collapse since 19 of Beirut in 2020 in war tensions with neighboring countries, combined with a very corrupt and belligerent political class. UN and local government data also show a decline in education spending and school enrollment for children under 15, as well as an increase in child labor.

Strikes, low wages and dissatisfaction of teachers have repeatedly blocked the provision of education, which is far from over due to the pandemic.

The Brain Drain: Researchers and academics leave the country

Many young people are preparing for some professions through a specific program supported by UNICEF, the UN agency for children, which aims to help Lebanese youth through concrete projects that seek to reduce the effect of unemployment and wages of around $$ to limit. 2 a day for those who are able to find work.

“When a young person leaves school at 13, 14, 15, it is really difficult to get him back to school, and so he enters a very precarious labor market with a severe lack of education and skills.”said Alexandre Schein, Head of the UNICEF Youth Section in Lebanon.

“The implications are that the skills needed to rebuild Lebanon and emerge from the crisis do not exist in the country due to the ongoing brain drain.” Many teachers from schools and universities have left their jobs or the country, de facto to keep an acceleration of the brain drain. The problems are linked to the country’s widest political and economic crisis ever, according to Education Minister Abbas el-Halabi..

“Young Lebanese are slowly losing confidence in continuing to live in Lebanon”, he told Reuters microphones. He added that as well “It is true that we are taking schools down or down schools. There are many families who no longer consider education as important, but there is also a great deal of interest from some Lebanese because this is the only weapon , which they can give to their children.

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