The data from the national education system have been there for years for everyone to see. In the International Ranking, Italian universities are struggling and in school performance we fill the last places in the ranking, however, illuminates an abyss between North and South, which has not been bridged even in the 160-year history of unity. There can be no clearer evidence to show that the road we are taking is probably not the right one. There is no need for detailed interventions but structural policies that take time to distinguish between contingent challenges and long-term ones.
“Everything happens in education fifty years later”
In fact, as Koeno Gravemeijer, of the Eindhoven University of Technology, explains, “everything happens in education fifty years later”. So, just as the economic boom of the 1960s was accompanied by the gentile reform of 1923, we are now experiencing, for better or worse, the Impact of the Education Policy of 1968. In our opinion, the starting point is that the focus of Italian society’s political choices should not be on the economy, but on education. And that education is not at all, it is now eloquently proven that Sergio Mattarella, like Sergio Mattarella on February 3, 2022 as Head of State, received in his 40-minute speech 55 applause when Sergio Mattarella on February 3, 2022 again once received 55 applause, and among those who were not above education. do.
In fact, the subject of education is not on the radar of political and cultural debate, and is reduced to specific facts, such as the DAD, where we talk about procedures and never about the content or the quality of the teachers. Education, like all major social issues, is the consequence of political choices and individual behavior. The media system and the cultural system agree. But instead of dwelling on the effects, the causes should be seriously investigated.
A specific crisis of educational theories around the world
There is undoubtedly internal responsibility in the world of education. Schools and universities, which are often called upon to solve social problems, represent a large part of the problems. There is, too a specific crisis of educational theories around the worldby the shocking developments of recent years, with the use of obsolete words and, in the Italian case, the progressive emergence of an anti-language which is used in some pedagogical manuals to avoid reality rather than to describe it. but still Education is central to the future of any country. Based on all the indicators, in Italy, although it has played and continues to play a very important role in social promotion, the social rise of millions of Italians, the education system is losing ground compared to the others, with it comes directly from institutional inefficiencypublic corruption and organized crime.
We in this country must start a political and cultural debate on the subject of education
Investing qualitatively in education pays off nationally because, as is well known, there is a direct link between school quality and the increase in GDP. Not by chance Countries that invest more in education become richer in Italy, even a slight increase in OECD Pisa indicators could lead to a 5% increase in GDP. We in this country must start a political and cultural debate on the subject of educationas it was done in the United States in 1983. Then the opportunity was the report A nation in danger: The imperative for education reform, in which during the Cold War the low level of education was directly linked to national security; fundamental issue even in this precise moment, exposed as we are to powerful walls of war. Still in the US, in 1966 by Coleman Rapport he explained that the intervention and quality of school buildings, and the educational technologies, and the changes of the programs would not be only if one did not intervene before and at the same time in the social, familial and urban context of individual pupils. The only element that could make a difference was the quality of the teachers.
Education, the quality of teachers is crucial
For this, the quality of teachers becomes fundamental. According to Piero Calamandrei, the school should be regarded as a “constitutional body”, so that the lack of quality of education and therefore the inadequacy of those who exist, ie school and university teachers, constitute a “constitutional violation” . In fact, it is the quality of managers and teachers is crucial. Among the latter in schools, there are about 200 thousand without qualification, with the risk of permanent damage to the education of students. In universities, on the other hand, with mass qualifications, a very dangerous university precariousness arises, which results in explosives in the school world. For this, the mechanisms for the training, selection and evaluation of managers and teachers need to be reviewed as a matter of priority;. My point, Calabria, sometimes returns destructive data.
We do not realize it, but we live in misery. Politically, culturally and medially, there is not the necessary attention paid to education, which is by far the largest area of public policy and on which the presentation and future of the country and the knowledge society depend. As long as the future is not expected, but is prepared, today Italy should make the best use of PNRR funds. One of the six missions is precisely about education, to which about 32 billion of 248 are reserved. We remember the two objectives: strengthen the education system all along the way to education (from kindergarten to university); Support research and promote its integration with the production system. In total, 9 reforms and 25 investment items are planned. The strongest consistent elements are thereSchool building an den technological equipment, practically it is about procurement. Therefore, the crucial game of education must in principle be played on rules rather than on investments, and above all on the quality and efficiency of expenditure on the training of human capital (starting with teaching staff) and the connection of the world of work. .with the focus of research. .
Education can be the mother of all the battles for change in Italian society
Therefore, the goals that theObservatory on the education policy of Eurispes it is proposed are those of placing education at the center of the political, scientific and cultural debate through initiatives and research; Monitoring the quality of expenditure and the effectiveness of reforms related to the education mission of the PNRR; and the elaboration of an in-depth section of the Eurispes Annual Report “Italy”, which will present its 34th edition in May, devoting much space to our educational issues. In this initiative, we have the most important pedagogical associations, the most prestigious cultural institutions, public institutions, as well as experts and sectors that must contaminate education. In fact, it is an area that represents an appointment for all sciences, in the awareness that education is something so important to society that only educators can not deal with it. Exactly why Education can be the mother of all the battles for change in Italian society. Today, we are embarking on a journey that we hope will take far and wide with the contribution of all of us in the interests of the young people in the future of our country.
*Mario CaligiuriDirector of the Eurispes Observatory for Education and Lecturer at the University of Calabria.