The PNRR had foreseen the career of the teachers under the education reforms, but the DL 36, converted almost a month ago by law n. 79, had downgraded the commitment accepted before Europe to a simple “salary progression according to seniority”. And then he introduced “incentivized training” to prepare a one-time bonus.
But it seems that Europe did not accept this reduction and called on the government to remedy it, under penalty of the cancellation of the loans. Exactly what Tuttoscuola feared again and again, because the decree law 36 of the government was deposited in the parliament.
In this regard, there were no press releases from Palazzo Chigi and no interventions by government officials. The indirect confirmation of the rumors about the rejection of the missed career, however, came from the “Aid-bis” decree-law, which the government is about to approve.
In fact, in the unofficial text of the new DL, in Art. 39, paragraphs 4-bis and 4-ter were surprisingly added, introducing the figure of the “expert teacher”, which breaks the uniformity of the teaching function.
The fact that this change takes place just over a month after the norm, which has denied even the slightest hint of a career, clearly indicates that there was an external intervention to impose it.
But what would be the path chosen by the now resigned government to introduce a career form in an attempt not to jeopardize the PNRR funds?
From a first reading of the two reforming paragraphs, no real career structure emerges, but the figure of the expert teacher undoubtedly represents the removal of a first membrane that could open new and interesting outlets, overcoming the flattening of an equal wage progression. all who do not recognize commitments and skills and do not offer incentives for their improvement. Here is an excerpt from the draft decree that is circulating:
“4 to Tenured teachers who have achieved a positive evaluation in three consecutive and non-overlapping training courses referred to in paragraph 1, within the limit of the quota referred to in the second sentence of this paragraph and in any case of the resources that be available within the scope of the paragraph. 5, can access the qualification of expert teacher and thus the right to a annual ad personam check for an amount of 5,650 euros which is added to the salary for enjoyment. A contingent of teachers, defined by the decree referred to in paragraph 5 and in any case not more than 8 thousand units for each of the years 2032/2033 can access the qualification of expert teacher, which does not involve new or other functions other than teaching. , 2033/2034, 2034/2035 and 2035/2036. The qualified expert teacher is required to stay at the school for at least the three years after obtaining the aforementioned qualification. The criteria on the basis of which teachers are selected to be recognized as expert teachers are left to the collective agreement…”
4-ter. From the school year 2036/2037 onwards, the procedures for access to the qualification of expert teacher are subject to the authorization regime, which is in article 39, section 3-bis, of the law no. 449, within the limits of the terminations referred to expert teachers and the share of the fund referred to in paragraph 5, reserved for the coverage of the ad personam grant for a contingent of expert teachers up to a maximum of 32 Thousand units to be attributed“.
Some critical aspects stand out in the draft in circulation: the new additional and permanent salary treatment affects only 1% of teachers in ten years (2032/2033), and will extend to no more than 4% in the next three years ( 2035 /2036). Considering the average age of teachers, almost half of the teachers in service are excluded from this measure. The evaluation criteria for the selection of the teachers who can access the annual subsidy of 5,650 euros, and also those who are evaluated, are not clear at the moment.
The Hon. Valentina Aprea from Forza Italia, which in an amendment to the law 79/2022 also provided for the figure of the expert teacher. But he believes that the logic underlying the paragraphs is still too destructive on societal and centralist criteria that do not introduce a true differentiation of the functions of the “expert” teacher. “It must be introduced – concludes Aprea – for the “expert” teacher, together with the teaching of a differentiated function among those specified in Law 79/2022, from tutoring to all other functions related to real middle management“.
It will now be interesting to check the reaction of the trade union world, which recently, apart from the opening of the CISL school, had not reacted to the lack of reform of the teacher career.