Difficult support of teaching, 70% of students will change teacher

Seven out of ten support teachers will change schools next September. And they will find themselves in the presence of another student. In fact, 70% of students with a disability must be accustomed to a new specialist teacher, assuming they have the chance to meet someone with a qualification. Due to the lack of qualified teachers, the ministry can not always send a specialist to the classroom. The numbers of what can be defined as a real pedagogical catastrophe are based on the last transfers of teachers, last May 17 of Ministry of Education, and from the data on the exchanges allocated this year by the regional school offices. A gigantic turnover, unsurpassed in Italian state education, that falls on the heads of the most fragile students in the Italian classes and their families.

When didactic continuity in the classroom is threatened by the enormous number of working hours (about 200 thousand) that the ministry is forced to appoint each year to cover all the available professors, on the support in fact, didactic continuity does not exist. A fate is determined by precise choices of governments that have followed suit in recent decades and who have decided to focus on precariousness. To the point that over the course of an entire school career, a student with a disability can change even twenty or more supporters. Far more than thirteen years of education, from primary school to high school, that would be sixteen if we also count the three years of nursery school.

By looking at the data of the teachers who received the transfer for the next school year, it turns out that there are over 20,000 support teachers who will change schools in three and a half months. A piece by the owners, the engaged for an indefinite period, which are about 77 thousand. This year you have in turn For various reasons, about 116 thousand are nominated, which together with the 20 thousand owners who change schools, determine the total of those who move out of the school: about 136 thousand out of a total of 193 thousand. 70%. Over the years, the presence of disabled pupils in the school has grown significantly: in the current year there are almost 278 thousand, twenty years ago they were 135 thousand, less than half. But what does this constant change of teachers mean for the vulnerable students?

Claudia Frezzais the mother of a disabled girl who was in the second grade in the province of Teramo. “My daughter is 17 years old and has Down Syndrome. So far – she says – she has changed nineteen support teachers. Until the first year of high school she still did not know how to read and write: in these cases the main problem is didactic continuity. Year after year, the girl reads the syllables thanks to an enlightened teacher. If she had been followed in a different way, she would have come to read and write simple words as well. to climb the bus because the teacher had too abrupt methods.The rule – he goes on – should be at least three years of continuity for each school order.Teams do not change them.But it is not enough “.

To explain the impact of these continuous teacher changes Evelina ChioccaPresident of the Italian coordination of support teachers. “Teachers – he explains – make their choices and it’s normal for them to change school to get closer to home. But continuity is broken. This change concerns critical issues on the side of relationships: for the disabled Students are the teacher’s support. A point of reference. ” But Italian is one of the few schools in the world where disabled students are placed in classes with disabled classmates. It begins in 1977, before those with disabilities attended the differential classes. In 1992, Act No. 104, the flagship of school inclusion, was introduced worldwide.

But, according to Chiocca, “in reality we are a school facing inclusion”. To solve the problem “it would be necessary in the initial training of all teachers to acquire the skills to work with all students, including the disabled, in advance. This would change the cultural structure”. Currently, 25-hour trainings are also planned for teachers in a common area. “Training is a serious matter and is being taken seriously -” answers Chiocca. . it is not sustainable “.


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