With the children, as part of the fund for the fight against adolescent educational poverty, has published on its website (conibambini.org) a new call, “Neighbors from school”, to combat the phenomena of school segregation. The call, which ends on April 29, 2022, provides a total of 10 million euros.
The possibility of obtaining free and quality education is a right guaranteed by our Constitution, but it is increasingly necessary and urgent to address the phenomenon of growing inequalities that are structural in many territorial contexts: the number of children low-income families are raising incomes, children with learning difficulties, children living in large urban suburbs with poor educational opportunities, children from families with a migration history who are in difficulty.
A clear sign of the increase in inequality is the phenomenon of School segregation, understand how the concentration of pupils and students belonging to social groups or with migration experiences concentrated in the same school, and the “flight” of more protected families towards schools that are considered more “attractive”. A phenomenon that brings us back to what it was called white cursewhich first appeared in the United States in the 1950s and 1960s.
Thus, in a country with few children and in which one third of the minors live in absolute or relative poverty – a figure determined to climb due to the effects of the pandemic – the issue of school segregation becomes more important than ever for the whole Italian school. Italy is also, in numbers, an increasingly multicultural country: today there are over a million children and young people of foreign origin who go to the same schools as their Italian counterparts (data from #conibambini Observatory). Institutions that exceed the threshold of 30% of students with non-Italian citizenship increase, up to 6% of the total number of institutions.
“The strategic choice of school and the competition between the institutions themselves, arising from school autonomy, can lead to a clear separation between students from different backgrounds – underlined Marco Rossi-Doria, President of Con i Bambini – so it often happens that most protected families prefer to enroll their children in other neighborhoods, while local schools are mainly visited by children and adolescents from socially disadvantaged families or with migration histories. All this leads to a deterioration of the educational pathways, which can instead be enriched by mutual differences, thanks to the constant care to guarantee ever more solid disciplinary skills for everyone, both in welcoming everyone and in the care of the pedagogical relationship. In this way, “ghetto schools” are avoided, which make inequalities even more difficult. Fortunately, there are many excellent experiences in school autonomy that have been able to guarantee all students a qualitative offer, preserve the value of multiculturalism, and promote study, inclusion, and equal opportunities. Often this happens thanks to the alliance with the educating community, with families, with local institutions, to strengthen the educating community. We must, in fact, strengthen – concludes Rossi-Doria – Article II of Article 3 of our Constitution, which lays down the principle of substantial equality, on the basis of which the Republic must intervene to remove economic and social barriers, whatever it may be. The purpose of the fund is. “.
To encourage the experimentation of quality schools in difficult contexts, the announcement “Neighbors from school” by Con I Bambini will select projects able to positively influence Phenomena of school segregation Support schools that want to make themselves attractive to everyone and promote interventions that make it possible to guarantee one Quality education even in more complex contexts and which in the medium term have led to a progressive rebalancing of the “social” composition of pupils in schools and to the reduction of gaps in territorial education policy.
It will be important to develop initiatives that offer the integration of all functional dimensions to promote school and social inclusion (learning methodology, intercultural approach, networking, collaboration between schools, training, relationships with families), to take an approach that is able to respond in an integrated way to the different needs of minors and families and the expansion of the educational offer to guarantee equal opportunities for high quality learning in all disciplines, also to pay further attention to special educational needs.
The projects they envisage are evaluated positively heterogeneous and complementary partnerships, formed by a plurality of public and private entities in the area and by institutional partners functional for the implementation of the intervention. The partnership must consist of at least three organizations, of which at least two are from the third sector (one with the role of “responsible person”) and at least one school of the first cycle of education that meets the requirements the announcement. The other partners can not only belong to the world of the third sector and schools, but also to that of the institutions, the regional systems of education and vocational training, universities, research and the business world.
Projects must be structured for a total duration of not less than 36 months and not more than 48. Like the previous ones selected by Con i Bambini, the initiatives represent the introduction of Impact assessmentor an overall assessment of the efficiency of the actions taken.
Proposals must be submitted exclusively online until April 29, 2022 via the Chairos platform at www.conibambini.org.