125 femicides. Living and dying, the victims are the great absentees of this election campaign

Feminicides do not stop even during the election campaign. To extend the list, Alessandra Matteuzzi, 56, was finished with a hammer by her former partner, in the last part of the summer in Bologna. He photographed the dossier of the Ministry of the Interior, which was presented in August in one year (1 August 2021 – 31 July 2022) 125 women were killed. And the number is growing (there were 108 in 2021). However, the issue of the forces on the ground does not seem to be among the priorities. Antonella Veltri, president of DiRe, talks about “quick election campaign and political debate in which violence against women is the major absence.

The data shows that we count the average of more than one victim, within only 3 days. The context in which these murders mature adds that they are femicides, without a doubt. 108 women were massacred in a family or emotional environment, 68 fell at the hands of a partner or an ex.

And the horror produces more horror. In the background, the families that remain are collateral damage of a war that seems impossible to calm. Giovanna Zizzo is a Sicilian mother who has been mourning the death of Lauretta since August 22, 2014, her eleven-year-old daughter killed by her husband who wanted “to punish the mother“. Roberto Russo is currently in prison for life, with a final sentence, starting in 2019.

Alley meets Giovanna on the side of an event organized by a municipality in the foothills, she tries to keep the attention high. In Sant’Agata Li Battiati on stage parades those who remain. “For my children, who survived the massacre of their little sister, there are no funds, because technically they are not orphans – Giovanna attacks – For us there is no support, of any kind. The three boys simply do not go to the state“. He does not send them to say that he is talking about life imprisonment for pain, in an attempt to raise awareness and ask for justice even for the living.

Nothing that has been done so far seems to be enough. Even on this very sad side. The law is not enough that from January 11, 2018, through the amendment of the Civil Code, the Penal Code, the Code de procédure pénal, a number of provisions will be introduced for the orphans for domestic crimes. “Even today in Sicily, the children of murdered women are abandoned. In other regions, like Lazio, it is different», insists Vera Squatrito and asks loudly that those who (like the granddaughter) were deprived of their mother – by the murderous hand of their father – can be equated with victims of the mafia.

The road seems very uphill. But – it must be said – the activity of the individual commission of inquiry does not stop. Established in the Senate in 2018, the plenum released just three reports in the session of September 6 last. The aim of the works is a transversal look at the infinite facets of the phenomenon: school and university education, communication, implementation of guidelines in first aid and the reorganization of legislation on gender violence.

The Commission starts from a premise that finds its source in the preamble of the Istanbul Convention and gets to the heart of the problem. Violence against women, what is it? IS an ancient story has millenarian roots and maintains a structural nature, it is a manifestation of the historically unequal power relations between the sexes that have led to the domination of women», The final report on the activities of the college, which is chaired by the senator Valeria Valentine (PD) clarifies concepts that are far from obvious: discrimination and lack of emancipation are “decisive social mechanisms by which women are forced into a subordinate position to menthe“.

The reporter Cynthia Lion (Ipf-CD), focuses on a topic that immediately highlights a very central focus. The lighthouse focuses on school education and academic education, which, along with media communication, is recognized as having a fundamental role in promoting cultural change.

The Commission appropriately and with concern recalls the latest report on Italy by the group of experts on the fight against violence against women and domestic violence (commonly known as GREVIO): “negative gender stereotypes remain an issue“.

The terms of the question could not be clearer than this: “The cultural roots of the phenomena of violence against women and domestic violence are extremely complex. On the one hand, there is the persistent legacy of atavistic notions of the division of roles between men and women, of prejudices about the supposedly “natural” propensities and attitudes associated with gender, about society’s expectations of women and Men. On the other hand, there is the emergence of new and more subtle “clichés” that arise from the failure to rework the profound role transformations carried out in the last century: think of the creeping conviction of a tendency for women to “lie ” and “exploit” allegations of violence or harassment for ulterior motives; or the stigma towards an alleged female “aggression”, perceived as contempt towards the opposite sex“.

In short, victimization and re-victimization: inside and outside the walls of the house, inside and outside the courtrooms. After all, one fact is certain: despite the fact that the Italian legal system has been enriched in recent years with a substantial production in terms of civil and criminal regulatory instruments, there is still a lot, a lot of work to be done on the ridge of stereotypes. and gender bias.

The role of the educational agencies is inevitably very strong. Between all – says the commission – the school isthe privileged place for gender equality education“. The point to which we must strive is therefore the promotion in the youngest of the “Ability to build relationships based on the principles of equality, fairness, respect, inclusiveness, and the recognition and expansion of differences (…) The education of boys and girls to respect gender and fight against domestic violence“. The cultural models that underline, promote and reproduce gender differences in society must therefore be canceled and rewritten. The example is that proposed by the European Union.

The commission doesn’t skimp either the university which, “to prevent gender-based, sexual and domestic violence – reads the final report – must Facial changes: of a structural type, by strengthening their didactic and scientific programs; culturally, help to change discriminatory and violent mentality; socio-economic type, inaugurating inclusive policies at the organizational and socio-cultural level, developing a continuous dialogue with the diversified social actors and entities present in the region.

The conclusion is clear: prevention work is only useful if it is implemented concretely. A push is clearly coming from the Senate: we need courses, structured in a non-episodic way, dedicated projects and services, all initiatives that can give meaning and “think” the clear rejection of gender-based violence in the context of everyday activities carried out by the various subjects, members of the community “. Once again the call for change, which comes slowly, comes from the body that appointed the chamber to study the phenomenon. It is a concrete trace that useful strategies and actions designed.

One must now understand how much will and how much commitment the politics of the new course – very macho in the election communication that is shouted by the posters – want to devote to the fight against violence.

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